Argall attempted fishing before turning back. Now conditions were right to send a party ashore to undertake another flag-planting ceremony. Discovery Sound was explored and surveyed for the first time and was named after the ship. Discovery was refitted in Plymouth and departed on 11 August 1916. After passing through the Strait of Magellan she stopped at the Falkland Islands to make magnetic surveys. Built in Dundee by Stephens & Sons as the whaler Bloodhound in 1873, she was ideally suited to Arctic exploration. Antarctic veteran Douglas Mawson was appointed leader of the BANZARE, and he assigned John King Davis, of Shackleton's Nimrod expedition and Mawson's own Australasian Antarctic Expedition as captain of Discovery. Once the stern was afloat the water intakes were cleared and the engines were able to pull the bow off. On 16 March 1900, in the context of significant donations to the approaching expedition by patrons Llewellyn W. Longstaff and the British Government, construction on the Discovery began in Dundee, Scotland, by the Dundee Shipbuilders Company. At eight knots (9.2 mph, 14.2 km/h) she could steam only 5100 miles. Reluctantly Mawson agreed to head north. With the increasing economic and strategic importance of Antartica and its waters, it was deemed vital that the British claim be formalised. The coal bunkers on each side contained a steel compartment, each of which could hold 60 tons of fresh water. From the 1912 season Discovery and the other HBC ship, the Pelican, were replaced by a brand new and much larger steam-powered icebreaker, the Nascopie, and the vessel was laid up in London. Several proposed expeditions were either offered to the ship (often at little or no charge) or expressed interest in using her, but none came to fruition. Now in the official service of the British government she was also designated as a Royal Research Ship. On 1 December the ship anchored off Macquarie Island, where shore parties were put ashore to study wildlife, the inland lakes and plants while Discovery made soundings and surveys in the coastal waters. The Discovery was marginally faster under sail than she was under engine power – her record for distance travelled in 24 hours is 223 nautical miles (358 km), equivalent to 9.2 knots (10.5 mph, 17 km/h). Each round trip took around two months and was made in the summer, although the ship often still had to break through ice in the Davis and Hudson Straights. In order to cover some of the costs of the abortive voyage, Discovery took on a cargo of 5943 sacks of wheat at commercial carriage rates for her return voyage.
… Here readings of the magnetic field were taken over 18 hours, which relocated the South Magnetic Pole and showed it had moved to the northwest since Mawson's previous readings in 1913. The ship has a massively built wooden hull designed to withstand being frozen into pack ice and resist crushing.
The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889, "1875–76 Arctic Expedition at Richard Cavill's website", "Biography of Albert Markham at the National Maritime Museum", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Discovery_(1874)&oldid=934423632, Victorian-era auxiliary ships of the United Kingdom, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2020, at 12:58. By 11 May, having made slow progress, they reached their greatest latitude at 83° 20' 26"N. Suffering from snow blindness, scurvy and exhaustion, they turned back. Attempts were made to force the ship ahead over the obstruction and back her off but the engines lacked the power and the water intakes for her condenser became blocked by ice and churned-up dirt. Her condition was such that she was not permitted to carry the valuable furs on the eastbound voyage, taking them only as far as Newfoundland in special wrappings to protect them from water leaks.
Discovery underwent a £114,000 refit at Vosper & Company which amounted to a rebuilding to put right years of wear and tear and equip the ship for her new purpose. Scott began evacuating his equipment and samples from Discovery in preparation to abandon her but on 16 February 1904 the ice suddenly began to break up. A flight on 1 January 1930, with Mawson on board, sighted new land and mountains, which were named Mac. In March Discovery visited Deception Island, which at the time served as a natural harbour to eight large factory ships for further studies. The Crown Agents, the statutory corporation which was the ship's ultimate legal owner, made moves to sell or dispose of the ship in 1935. The Discovery was moored directly to the ice shelf by anchors and Scott used explosives to blow away part of the shelf so the ship could be protected on three sides. Unknown to the BANZARE crew, the Norwegians had also made aerial photographs of the same point and had reached the same conclusion just a few weeks before. In her refit a second wheel was positioned on the bridge, operating the rudder via a newly fitted steam-powered steering engine. Discovery or Discoverie was a small 20-ton, 38-foot (12 m) long "fly-boat" of the British East India Company, launched before 1602. In her new form she was re-registered as a steamship. Following the practice of the most modern sailing ships of the time, the windjammers, she carried split topsails to reduce the size of the deck crew needed to handle them. Discovery's infamous roll in heavy seas caused some damage to the barrels and her lack of a dedicated cargo deck hatch meant that loading and unloading took much longer than in a purpose-made cargo vessel. These included biological and chemical laboratories, a library, a darkroom and new cabins and other facilities, including a new wardroom.
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